The base movement is a Tavannes Caliber 507 from the 1940’s. It was equipped with a Breguet spiral and came in a diameter of 33.4mm (15’’’) at a height of 3.4mm. It is also known as the Cyma Cal. 586 and was used in many watches where reliability and accuracy were of principal importance, e.g. military watches. It is an obscure and relatively unknown these days, and the only watchmaker I am aware o who has used it as base is Raul Pagès for his stupendously finished Soberly Onyx watch.
(a vintage Cyma Cal. 586 movement, image taken from the web)
On that basis Roger Dubuis applied a number of intensive modification work on the movement, including:
- new bridges, e.g. balance and geartrain cocks
- top-grade movement finish (perlage, Geneva stripes, anglage, polished gear teeth, matte gear surfaces, anglage on gears)
- swan-neck regulator
- center jewel
- mirror-polished cap on the escapement wheel cock
- modified balance spring assembly
- polished and chamfered screws
Overall, the modifications added a lot of watchmaking ‘spice’ and qualified the originally rather pedestrian base movement for the prestigious Poinçon de Genève, or Geneva Seal:
A few of the above modifications were actually mandatory for the Poinçon, e.g. the new spring attachment and several finishing touches. It might well be that other changes had to be implemented which are not visible with a fully assembled movement like this one.
Moreover, Roger Dubuis had the Condottieri also certified for its chronometric performance at the Observatoire National de Besançon, France. The resulting Bulletin de Marche is quite an interesting one:
First of all, it demonstrates the expert skill of the master who regulated this watch – all values are squarely within the specification ranges. Second, the bulletin also names the watchmaker who performed the regulation (there were times in Switzerland where regulateurs had a kind of a ‘rock-star status’!) – in this case Mr Roger Dubuis himself!
His company back then was called Sogem S.A. (“Société Genèvoise des Montres”); only later it was christened after its co-founder. As per the bulletin it also looks like there were two companies involved – Sogem (as the manufacturer) and Montres Roger Dubuis (as the ‘destinataire’ = consignee). I will have to do some research whether the latter was solely the marketing/sales company.
Finally, I have to admit that I really love this statement on the top of the bulletin: “Le Bulletin et la Montre sont inséparables” – the bulletin and the watch are inseparable. In other words: the bulletin is an original that won’t be replaced if lost.
The Bottom Line:
Let’s spell it out clearly: Roger Dubuis’ Condottieri is a downright conservative watch. Manual-wind, three hand and a round case with an enamel dial. It even uses a 70 years old movement! So this is just a romantic token for times long gone?
Not exactly: Firstly, there is something special about those really well-made simple 3-hand watches that particularly strikes a lot of chords with many, many watch enthusiasts. Just think about Roger Smith, Philippe Dufour or Kari Voutilainen. It is perhaps so because those watches are unassuming and not officious, they are content with a limited and intellectually quite manageable number of components, which in turn facilitates appreciation of the finissage of each individual of the movement’s constituents and makes for a much more involving experience.
Thus, I think ultra-fine time-only watches like the Condottieri have a certain humanistic touch to which one only can fall victim. It is a life-long ‘enslavement’ that brings a lot of pleasure and enrichment. Subtle difference can be understood. For example, the individual variations and idiosyncrasies of each master watchmakers in respect to Geneva stripes or other types of finishing can be studied better with such movements. Thus, these watches are cornerstones for a deeper understanding of individual watchmaking languages and thereby make us ‘better’ connoisseurs.
(Mr. Roger Dubuis photographed at SIHH, wearing a RD Hommage Perpetual Calendar – this already was a story of another post!)
Secondly, there is something decidedly human with this specific watch: the fact that Mr Roger Dubuis himself regulated it originally! Thus, the master’s own touch is inseparable from this watch as is his clear influence its design and construction.
Thirdly, if you imagine Mr Dubuis at his watchmaker’s bench, if you had met him or even had the chance to talk to him, you would have certainly grown the impression that the Roger Dubuis Hommage ‘Condottieri’ would be exactly his own idea of a ‘perfect’ watch – the essence of his watchmaking philosophy.
I just wish such watches would be offered also today – and not only by a few very select independent masters! A successor to this watch is deeply missed in the current RD collection.